Specifically the contract of carriage of goods may be defined as the contract whereby a professional carrier engages to carry goods in accordance with a determined mode of transport and within a reasonable time with the understanding that the carriage of the goods is the principal object of the contract. A contract of carriage is a contract between a carrier of goods or passengers and the consignor consignee or passenger contracts of carriage typically define the rights duties and liabilities of parties to the contract addressing topics such as acts of god and including clauses such as force majeure . Basis of any carriage of the goods by sea is a sale contract ie a contract between the seller of the goods and the buyer when actual sale and purchase has been agreed between parties they make arrangements for transportation of the commodity from place of origin to place of delivery. Ii the test for contracts of carriage of goods as stated above the test of characteristic performance does not apply at all to contracts which do fall within the definition of a contract of carriage of goods
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