Handling bulk coal hazards involved vessels shipping coal should at all times carry on board instruments for measuring methane oxygen and carbon monoxide gas concentrations so that the atmosphere within the cargo space can be monitored. Coal cargoes carriage at sea flammability hazards and preventive measures the carriage at sea of coal of all types can produce potential flammability hazards all grades of coal emit methane which is odourless lighter than air and has a flammability range of approximately 5 to 16 by volume. The pitfalls of the carriage of coal the purpose of this article is to highlight some of the important steps and precautions which a ship owner should be aware of when carrying coal cargoes and to provide a brief commentary on the various parties legal positions in the event that loss or damage occurs. 4 coal transportation since the distance between the energy supply point and the energy demand point for coal is often long many coal utilization projects require that transporta. Part of the carriage by sea series this second edition contains statistical information on coal consumption production and trade including comparative statistics by geographical area together read more
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